But the issues of the biotech age invite us to think anew. Issue No. Humans have always thought of their children as a gift bestowed by God or a beneficent nature. In its place, the new cloned progeny would become the ultimate shopping experience, designed in advance, produced to specification and purchased in the biological marketplace.
A child would no longer be a unique creation. Human cloning opens the door to a commercial eugenics civilization. Life science companies already have patented both human embryos and stem cells, giving them ownership and control of a new form of reproductive commerce with frightening implications for the future of society.
We should not be fooled about the stakes. This is the first major test of the biotech age, a moment of decision for a civilization that may have gone too far already in the commercialization and destruction of the human and ecological worlds. For modern discussions of biological propensity to criminality, see Sharon S. January Turnbull, Joan M. Patterson, and Shirley K. Farber, L. Rowitz, and I. Abbott and William H.
Behr , page Sandler and Lisa A. Brickman, D. Coates, and R. Max A. Baker Hodapp and Diane V. Shufeit and Stanley R. For this study a positive effect size indicates that the existence of a disability in the family is positively correlated with an increased level of marital strain. The effect size obtained in the current study is relatively small. This finding does not support an older view that children with disability cause severe family strain in almost all families.
However, small effect sizes can still indicate the existence of important problems. When viewed in terms of the percentage of marriages that end in divorce in the two groups, there is an average increase of 5. The studies that provide the best evidence based upon large sample sizes and the use of unselected population samples are the studies conducted by Hodapp and Krasner , with a percentage increase in divorce of 5. The former study focused on families of children with developmental disabilities and the latter on families of children with a wider range of disabilities.
While these increases are much smaller than previously assumed, they do indicate the existence of marital difficulties and the need for better forms of family support for some families of children with disabilities. Behr, and Ann P. Singer and Larry K. Irvin , page Behr Four decades later, in what was likely an instance of great minds thinking alike, Russell Barton used the same term. It results from factors other than the illness bringing the patient into hospital. It is, so to speak, a mental bed-sore.
Burleigh, Death and Deliverance: Euthanasia in Germany, — On the conviction of any person for a violation of this section, if it shall seem proper and just, the fine provided for may be suspended, and such person detained at the police station, where he shall be well cared for, until he can be committed to the county poor house. Cleburne Living Center, Inc. Bakke, U. During much of the 19th century, mental retardation was viewed as neither curable nor dangerous, and the retarded were largely left to their own devices.
By the latter part of the century and during the first decades of the new one, however, social views of the retarded underwent a radical transformation. Mitchell occurs on page 72 of Cultural Locations of Disability Williams , U. Mitchell occurs on page 31 of their book, Cultural Locations of Disability Smith et al. It has been condensed. How are they supposed to act? What are they supposed to think, feel, do, say? They seek surgical reconstruction of a normal child in part because they feel like they will know how to be a parent to that child, whereas they often feel uncertain how to be a parent to this one.
Sortini , 31 Cal. BioScience Laboratories , Cal. HCA, Inc. Hastings et al. June News , June 26, Keep your gaze on the bandaged place. Mitchell and Michael A. X, Excudebatur et venit apud J. Migne editorem, , cited in Ruth E. It is worth noting, however, that others have interpreted the passage from Romans differently. This belief of Augustine, referred to in every major work on Deaf people, has always been seen as either justifying the prioritizing of teaching of speech and lip-reading to Deaf children above all else, or as an insurmountable obstacle for Deaf people in their relationship to Christianity.
In another place, he goes on to say, Augustine refers to gestures and signs as verba visibilia or visible words, so presumably he thought deaf people could be saved if the Gospel was transmitted to them through signs. Augustine did not assign Deaf people automatically to hell. Augustine reminds us that a person cannot make a wrong moral choice to cause himself to have a birth defect. This is a view shared by the New Testament, which, although it no longer conceives of deafness as a grand design, emphasizes the social inclination towards orality and aurality viz.
Catholic theologists accepted the official doctrine; in the words of Saint Augustine — A. Many Deaf studies writers have attributed this interpretation to the early Christian theologian Augustine. However, the attribution of this interpretation to Augustine is a misperception based on a misquotation that has been carried through the centuries.
As early as , the American Annals of the Deaf published an article explaining how this misquotation occurred in the writings of a Spanish proponent for oral methods of educating deaf children. Such readings of scripture have created numerous responses from Christian authorities in the history of deaf education preventing the use of signed languages causing a breach of trust between the church and Deaf people that still exists. Additionally, the following article describes the sign language developed in the Ottoman empire: M. All quotations from Boudreault come from my interview with him in and subsequent communications.
Barnes In fact, this power, or language, is peculiar to man. For while the capability of talking implies the capability of uttering vocal sounds, the converse does not hold good. Men that are born deaf are in all cases also dumb; that is, they can make vocal sounds, but they cannot speak. Children, just as they have no control over other parts, so have no control, at first, over the tongue; but it is so far imperfect, and only frees and detaches itself by degrees, so that in the interval children for the most part lisp and stutter. To all that possess them they are a means of preservation; their final cause being that such creatures may, guided by antecedent perception, both pursue their food, and shun things that are bad or destructive.
But in animals which have also intelligence they serve for the attainment of a higher perfection. They bring in tidings of many distinctive qualities of things, from which the knowledge of truth, speculative and practical, is generated in the soul. The faculty of seeing, thanks to the fact that all bodies are coloured, brings tidings of multitudes of distinctive qualities of all sorts; whence it is through this sense especially that we perceive the common sensibles, viz. Indirectly, however, it is hearing that contributes most to the growth of intelligence.
For rational discourse is a cause of instruction in virtue of its being audible, which it is, not directly, but indirectly; since it is composed of words, and each word is a thought-symbol. Accordingly, of persons destitute from birth of either sense, the blind are more intelligent than the deaf and dumb.
Knapp and David P. Lindgren et al. Herbinet and M. Early rapidity in the acquisition of sign language is discussed in John D. Bonvillian et al. Newman et al. Mayberry et al. In contrast, the average deaf toddler with hearing parents produces about 30 words at 2 years and words at 3 years, whether those words are spoken or signed Mayne, Yoshinago-Itano, Sedey, and Carey, Deaf children whose hearing loss was identified by 6 months of age and who have above-average cognitive skills fare best, showing a vocabulary spurt in the third year of life similar to that found in hearing children, though about 6 months later Mayne et al.
However, even these successful deaf children fall below the 25th percentile for hearing children on norms for the CDI at 30—36 months of age see also Mayne, Yoshinago-Itano, and Sedey, Thus, the average 5- to 6-year-old deaf child is some 2 years behind hearing peers in vocabulary size when the child begins the task of learning to read. For a current, authoritative review on vocabulary development in deaf children, see John L. Research e. The literature consistently suggests that the vocabulary knowledge of students who are deaf or hard of hearing is quantitatively reduced as compared to that of typical hearing peers.
Half of the children scored within one SD of the norms for hearing 5-year-olds. Low involvement by families was devastating and was even more important than age at first intervention. Children whose parents were less involved average to limited had small lexicons with standard scores ranging from 60 to 80 depending on age of identification.
Language scores were not related to mode of communication. On average, scores of children with CIs were in the low average range for hearing children 85 to 90 standard scores on standardized expressive and receptive spoken vocabulary tests, with standard deviations slightly larger than the norm e. Pre-implant hearing level, age of implantation, nonverbal IQ, and parental education were identified as independent contributors to vocabulary scores. Mary Pat Moeller et al. However, it is unclear whether children in this study varied on background variables e. In a later study Moeller, , intervention history and family involvement were found to contribute.
The results suggested that the average performers those at the 50th percentile for HI were significantly delayed in both receptive and expressive vocabulary compared with age-matched children with NH.
Where to find August Renfelt online
Acceleration of the rate of expressive vocabulary learning was observed in the young children with HI after 25 mo of age approximately 7 mo later than observed in toddlers with NH. Board of Education play a prominent role in special education law? First, Brown was a constitutional case, more specifically an equal protection decision. The modern special education cases are almost entirely statutory interpretation decisions, and the IDEA legislation is premised on the due process clause as well as the equal protection clause without squaring with either one. Second, the holding in Brown ultimately relied on race as a suspect classification, triggering what has now crystallized as strict scrutiny, whereas the subsequent special education cases have rejected such status for disability.
Conversely, dicta in Brown stressed the importance of education, but subsequent Supreme Court decisions narrowed that importance to less than the level of a fundamental right, i. Third, Brown represents an equality version, whereas the IDEA is more an equity version, of equal opportunity. FAPE means more than equal, whether separate or not, whereas Brown offered no such mandate. Fourth, and perhaps the most important difference, contrary to the purported landmark role of Brown in terms of LRE under the IDEA, is that Brown rejected separate but equal, with the remedy being desegregation.
In contrast, LRE provides a continuum of placements that, although leaning toward integration, include separate, special classes and schools. Finally, Brown provides a group solution against discrimination, whereas the IDEA provides an individualized approach for what arguably is akin to reverse discrimination.
Crockett and James M. Rowley , U. Ross Stuckless and Jack W. Brasel and Stephen P. According to the tireless research librarians at Gallaudet University, this sentence appears to represent a distillation of sentiments expressed in two published sources. However, Keller did express this same idea, in different words, at least twice. On page 68, in a letter written to Kerr Love and reprinted in this book, she wrote:. Deafness is a much worse misfortune.
For it means the loss of the most vital stimulus—the sound of the voice that brings language, sets thoughts astir and keeps us in the intellectual company of man. Hearing is the soul of knowledge and information of a high order. To be cut off from hearing is to be isolated indeed. There is a constant pas de deux between the fingers and the face. Since the features must express tone and volume, the face is continually mirroring the meaning of the fingers.
There are combinations of small-motor skills, quick finger darts, and large sweeps of the arms and the body.
Those who do not know sign language can only see the movements as distant and unnuanced. But those who understand signing can see the finest shade of meaning in a gesture. The Deaf President Now! Christiansen and Sharon N. Barnartt, Deaf President Now! Friedman and Karen B. Eliot Shearer et al.
Virginia Norris et al. Also useful are two recent review articles on the practical applications of genetic research: Marina Di Domenico et al. Kelsell et al. The scientifically minded may also be interested in the following literature reviews: Denise Yan and Xue Z. Zhao et al. Arnos et al. Nance and Michael J.
An additional, more detailed source is M. Palmer is an associate professor of psychiatry and biobehavioral sciences and an assistant professor-in-residence of human genetics at the UCLA School of Medicine, specializing in genetic counseling for deafness. Stokoe , edited by Charlotte Baker and Robbin Battison , pages — It has been slightly condensed. Technology is a miracle and a gift. However, this is a two-sided issue that has created factions as divided and as militant as those in the abortion issue.
Glickman and M. Alker went on to found the Federation of Deaf People and led the British Deaf Association, which advocates for the British sign language community, until Thomas Jr. Her name and all others in this passage are pseudonyms. Some other identifying details have been changed. Som et al. I note in the interests of full disclosure that I employed Jacob to assist me with research for this chapter.
Articles critical of their perspective include two by Jane K. Fernandes is the former provost of Gallaudet University, whose appointment to the presidency of the institution was terminated in response to the protests; she is now provost and vice chancellor for academic affairs at the University of North Carolina, Asheville. On Simultaneous Communication, see Nicholas Schiavetti et al. Mowl is currently a language arts instructor at the Indiana School for the Deaf, and former head of the North Carolina School for the Deaf.
For more on sign languages generally, see Diane Brentari, editor, Sign Languages The first report in the medical literature of the strain of deafness prevalent there is S. Winata et al. Seewald and J. Bamford ; and Patricia G. Stelmachowicz et al. Fan-Gang Zeng et al. For discussions of the ethical controversy surrounding implantation, see John B. Christiansen and Irene W. Leigh et al. Belzner and Brenda C. This means that in the United States there are potentially 72, to , deaf children who were or are candidates for implants. Papers describing a medical community working assiduously to address the problem include Lorry G.
See also Kevin D. Brown et al. Zeitler, Cameron L. Budenz, and John Thomas Roland Jr. Dettman et al. For more information on anesthesia risk to infants, see Rachael F. Holt and Mario A. Fallon et al. Green et al. Davidson et al. Habib et al. Waltzman et al. Cheng et al. Harris et al. Richardson et al. All names in this passage are pseudonyms. Survey respondents were asked to select all sources of information. Some of the parents with whom we discussed this issue reported positive experiences, while others who met deaf opponents of the procedure felt that their experiences were distinctly unhelpful.
I mean, we were called child abusers. Children perform differently depending on the situation in which they find themselves. Their functioning in such environments is therefore compromised and differs from their functioning in less adverse communication situations. In addition, there is variability in functioning between children. Although some children may perform very well with the implant, others may perceive only environmental sounds, and receive no benefit from the implant in communicating orally with hearing peers. A sole focus on averages masks the fact that some deaf children progress faster than hearing children and are able to achieve communication and socialization skills that are age-appropriate or are even advanced for their age, whereas other deaf children continue to lag behind their hearing peers.
Many children in our study still function below age level in all domains, even after years of hearing aid or implant use. In our study we find that for children with cochlear implants, duration of implant use interacted with level of hearing loss in affecting improvement. For children with more severe hearing loss, duration of implant use did not have an effect; all children with greater hearing loss benefited equally from the implant regardless of how long they had used the implant.
For children with less severe hearing loss, on the other hand, having an implant for a shorter period was less beneficial than having an implant for a longer period. This suggests that children with greater hearing loss hit a plateau of improvement early on, and do not continue to improve, whereas children with lower levels of hearing loss continue to improve with longer duration of implant use. Other researchers found that earlier implantation tends to produce better results in terms of speech and hearing Svirsky et al.
Improvement in socialization seems to follow improvement in communication skills. Although communication and socialization skills improve at different rates, they clearly improve together. Better communication is related to better socialization. Deaf children whose speech is not clear may be rejected or ignored by peers, which then affects their ability to socialize. No study has yet assessed peer acceptance or rejection of children with implants, however.
From Martin et al. Ten 5- to 6-year-old deaf children with implants were observed under conditions varying peer context difficulty in a Peer Entry task. Results revealed better outcomes for deaf children interacting in one-on-one situations compared to interactions including two other hearing children and better performance among girls than boys. The study reported here extends the largely quantitative findings of previous research through a qualitative analysis of interviews with parents, teachers, and pediatric cochlear implant users themselves in three eastern states of Australia.
We interviewed 24 parents, 15 teachers, and 11 children and adolescents. Some children had little contact with other deaf children with or without cochlear implants despite parents and teachers perceiving such contact beneficial. Children attending schools where there were other deaf children valued friendships with both deaf and hearing peers. Adolescence was a particularly difficult time for some as they struggled with feelings of self-consciousness about their deafness and external cochlear implant equipment and worries around friendships, dating, and their future place in the world.
Recommendations for practice and further research are made. Owens and D. See also James L. A generally positive attitude toward implants is also reported in John B. Deaf culture? Kelley et al. Retinoic acid and calf serum were administered to rats by Philippe P. Lefebvre et al. For a general review on the state of research into hair cell regeneration, see John V. Gubbels et al. McKusick was the founder of the discipline of medical genetics, and the leading investigator in the field of dwarfism among the Amish.
The renowned geneticist Dr. Victor McKusick told Betty Adelson in that he estimated that there were several million people in the world with dwarfism; see Betty M. Adelson, The Lives of Dwarfs , pages — Joan Ablon comments that numbers range from twenty thousand to a hundred thousand, and quotes Charles Scott, a geneticist with a specialty in dwarfism, who estimated numbers at twenty thousand to twenty-five thousand; see Joan Ablon, Little People in America: The Social Dimension of Dwarfism Achondroplasia is said to occur in one in twenty thousand births, so if there is an American population of million people, there should be about sixteen thousand Americans with achondroplasia, and Adelson told me that if you include all forms of skeletal dysplasia, the number approximately doubles, which would indeed give a number around thirty thousand, though she pointed out that this does not include hypopituitary disorders, Turner syndrome, juvenile arthritis, kidney disease, and various iatrogenic conditions, for which there are no precise figures; see Betty M.
Adelson, Dwarfism , pages 21— LPA has a membership of more than six thousand, some of whom are average-statured family members of dwarfs. He was also a member of the House of Commons. For scholarly discussion of modern freak shows, see Michael M. Horton et al. Alatzoglou and Mehul T.
Psychosocial dwarfism is discussed in Wayne H. Rogers and Joan O. Brust et al. Gollust et al. A: Opinions vary within the dwarf community about whether or not this term applies to us. Certainly many short-statured people could be considered disabled as a result of conditions, mainly orthopedic, related to their type of dwarfism.
In addition, access issues and problems exist even for healthy LPs. Consider, for example, the simple fact that most achondroplastic adults cannot reach an automated teller machine. Dwarfism is a recognized condition under the Americans with Disabilities Act. The owner of the Riverside Hotel offered free rooms and convention facilities, with meals at half price, to all delegates. Tom Thumb. July—December ; for a modern analysis, see Michael M. Tom Thumb Brinkmann et al. Useful general review articles include William A. Rimoin et al. Achondroplasia: William A.
Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia: George E. Tiller and Vickie L. Francomano et al. Shiang, et al. Hecht et al. Keiper Jr. Wheeler et al. Trotter et al. See also Richard M. The problem of monitoring weight gain in children with atypical growth is addressed in Julie Hoover-Fong et al. Stokes et al. Berkowitz et al. Reid et al. Sisk et al. See Philip W. Drash, Nancy E. Apajasalo et al. Ain is coauthor with Eric D. The real-life consequence of the idea that dwarf-tossing is acceptable behavior was most recently demonstrated when a thirty-seven-year-old man with achondroplasia sustained permanent spinal cord damage after being unwillingly tossed by a boor at a British pub, likely inspired by the Mike Tindall escapade; news of the incident inspired a number of dwarf celebrities to speak out in solidarity and concern.
Morwood et al. Steven E. Haworth and Albert E. Turner and Kevin Stagg , pages 1— For no one who has a defect shall approach: a blind man, or a lame man, or he who has a disfigured face, or any deformed limb, or a man who has a broken foot or broken hand, or a hunchback or a dwarf, or one who has a defect in his eye or eczema or scabs or crushed testicles. He may eat the food of his God, both of the most holy and of the holy, only he shall not go in to the veil or come near the altar because he has a defect, so that he will not profane My sanctuaries.
For I am the Lord who sanctifies them.
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Le Quesne and K. Thomas and N. Adelson, Dwarfism Allanson and Judith G. Mayhew et al. He has been outspoken about the use of the word midget in the broadcast media. Tretter et al. Flynn and Richard M. Shiang et al. For background on the genetics and incidence of dwarfism, see Clair A.
Shakespeare has taken some flak for his evolving views about dwarfism and disability; see T. Lankester et al. Their names are pseudonyms. Bregani et al. Shirley and Michael C. The technique is described in detail in S. Turner and Kevin Stagg Judge and Daniel M. Sherman et al. Morris, Nicholas J. Wald, and Hilary C. Van Dyke et al. Torfs and Roberta E. Heart problems: Julie R. Korenberg et al.
Cohen et al. Zigman and Ira T. Vision problems: Robert A. Owens et al. Leukemia: Julie A. Ross et al. Linabery et al. Small brain: Joseph D. Pinter et al. Testicular cancer: D. The decreased risk of arteriosclerosis in Down syndrome is discussed in Arin K. Greene et al. Aylward et al. McClure et al. Bray and David E. Ball et al.
Neely Kazerouni et al. Driscoll and Susan J. Shonkoff and Samuel J. Meisels Trent ; and James W. Trent Jr. Trent Contemporary historical analysis of the subject includes Daniel J. Trent ; and Daniel J. Bell , US Almost simultaneously, but independently, the gene was found by Patricia Jacobs in England; see Patricia Jacobs et al. Erikson Myers and Siegfried M. Rondal et al. Furey and Jill J. Furey, James M. Granfield, and Orv C. Stores et al. Lobaugh et al. For more information on growth hormone, see Salvador Castells and Krystyna E.
Pueschel et al. Mutton et al. Mansfield came up with a 92 percent rate, which has been the standard number for many years. Natoli et al. Day et al. For more on the factors at play in decision-making following prenatal testing, see Miriam Kupperman et al. Lawson and Sheena A. The quotation appears on page Costa et al. Netzer et al. Steven Barnett and Glenna C. Ricci and Robert M. Researchers focusing on the subject include Brian G.
Skotko , Jan Blacher , and Zolinda Stoneman. Blacher, Jan, ed. Orlando, FL: Academic Press, Burton, Sally L. Lee Parks. Cuskelly, Monica, and Pat Gunn. Maternal reports of behavior of siblings of children with Down syndrome. Eisenberg, Laurie, et al. Gath, Ann, and Dianne Gumley. Grossman, Frances Kaplan. McHale, Susan, and Wendy Gamble.
Rossiter, Lucille, and Donald Sharpe. Skotko, Brian G. Levine, and Richard Goldstein. Stoneman, Zolinda. Stoneman, Zolinda, and Phyllis Waldman Berman, editors. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes, Stoneman, Zolinda, et al. Summers, Carl R. White, and M. Summers, Jeanne Ann, Shirley K. George H. Irvin, 27— Wilson, Judith, et al. The increase in life expectancy of people with Down syndrome and other forms of intellectual disability is discussed in Matthew P.
Janicki et al. Prouty et al. Hodapp and Elisabeth M. Paul et al. A search of the keyword autism for yields 1, items; for , 7, items. For a discussion of the correlation between fever and behavioral improvement, see L. Curran et al. Mehler and Dominick P. Researchers have found a higher-than-average incidence of psychiatric conditions among family members of individuals with autism; e. I have called these forms of thinking autistic, corresponding to the idea of schizophrenic autismus.
They have encased themselves with their desires and wishes. This detachment from reality with the relative and absolute predominance of the inner life, we term autism. Propagators of the term include Lauretta Bender, a child psychiatrist practicing at Bellevue Hospital, who published numerous reports of her clinical observations.
For a contemporary expression of concern about the inappropriate application of the term, see Hilde L. In the whole group, there are very few really warmhearted fathers and mothers. For the most part, the parents, grandparents, and collaterals are persons preoccupied with abstractions of a scientific, literary or artistic nature, and limited in general interest in people.
Even some of the happiest marriages are cold and formal affairs. Three of the marriages were dismal failures. The question arises whether or to what extent this fact has contributed to the condition of the children. Maternal lack of genuine warmth is often conspicuous in the first visit to the clinic. As they come up the stairs, the child trails forlornly behind the mother, who does not bother to look back. The mother accepts the invitation to sit down in the waiting room, while the child sits, stands, or wanders about at a distance. Neither makes a move toward the other.
Later, in the office, when the mother is asked under some pretext to take the child on her lap, she usually does so in a dutiful, stilted manner, holding the child upright and using her arms solely for the mechanical purpose of maintaining him in his position. I saw only one mother of an autistic child who proceeded to embrace him warmly and bring her face close to his.
Some time ago, I went to see an autistic child, the son of a brilliant lawyer. I spent an evening with the family.
Donald, the patient, sat down next to his mother on the sofa. She kept moving away from him as though she could not bear the physical proximity. When Donald moved along with her, she finally told him coldly to go and sit on a chair. One father, a busy and competent surgeon, had three children. The first, a girl, was docile, submissive, and gave no cause for concern to the parents. The second, a boy, was very insecure and stuttered badly. The third, George, was an extremely withdrawn, typically autistic child.
Far from being irked, he deliberated for a while and replied, just as impassively, that he was not sure that he would. This seemingly unemotional objectivity, applied to oneself and to others, is a frequent expression of the mechanization of human relationships. Most of the fathers are, in a sense, bigamists. They are wedded to their jobs at least as much as they are married to their wives. The job, in fact, has priority. Many of the fathers remind one of the popular conception of the absent-minded professor who is so engrossed in lofty abstractions that little room is left for the trifling details of everyday living.
Many of the fathers and most of the mothers are perfectionists. Obsessive adherence to set rules serves as a substitute for the enjoyment of life. These people, who themselves had been reared sternly in emotional refrigerators, have found at an early age that they could gain approval only through unconditional surrender to standards of perfection.
It is interesting that, despite their high intellectual level, not one of the parents has displayed any really creative abilities. They make good teachers in the sense that they can transmit that which they have learned. They are essentially conservative repeaters of that which they have been taught. This is not quite true of many of the grandfathers, some of whom have established flourishing businesses, expounded original theories, or produced fairly successful pieces of fiction and art.
Most of the patients were exposed from the beginning to parental coldness, obsessiveness, and a mechanical type of attention to material needs only. They were the objects of observation and experiment conducted with an eye on fractional performance rather than with genuine warmth and enjoyment. They were kept neatly in refrigerators which did not defrost. Their withdrawal seems to be an act of turning away from such a situation to seek comfort in solitude. All too often this child is the offspring of highly organized, professional parents, cold and rational—the type that Dr. Works by O. A bright red smear across the door, the molding, the wall.
Turn the corner and the bedroom is a crime scene. An ax murder? In fact, it is only your daughter at her worst. Worse than three days without sleep? Worse than ear-splitting screams that physically hurt, actually cause you to drop what you hold in alarm, compel you to shriek back at your delighted child who smiles at you sincere as a spring day? Shit everywhere.
Splashes of blood glistening like paint, black clots, yellow-brown feces, and a 3-foot-in-diameter pond of vomit that your daughter stands in the middle of, a dog-eared copy of Family Circle in one hand, reaching for the TV with the other. She is naked except for stockinged feet, blood soaked up to her ankles.
Risk Everything (The Blackthorn Trilogy, #3) by Sophia Johnson
Where am I? Is this good? Am I OK? There being nowhere to walk without stepping in some bodily emission, you throw bath towels down like a bridge to get to her. A bloody hand print on the square of your back as she balances herself when you roll down her sopping stockings. You hope she touches nothing else but what does it matter as the bathroom remains appalling in spite of the previous cleanups: cabinet handles encrusted with dried excrement, brown swipes on the light switch, corner of the mirror, shampoo bottle, Q-tips, ceramic figurines, curtain louvers.
Holiday guests take you aside to warn you of rodents in unusual locations. Ancient turds in drawers, inside books. You thank them. She is excavating for what remains of the impacted stool, hard as a French roll. This entire episode, this habit, the result of some maddening control issue. The behaviorists, the gastroenterologists, the living-skills experts all suggest their strategies and therapies and videos and diets and oils and schedules.
Certainly she knows what you want—appropriate toileting. And there are occasions when she does just that. Goes in, sits, finishes. This, maybe 5 percent of the time. Some huge, softball-size stool discovered in the toilet bowl. You shout for each other and gaze in wonder as at a rainbow or falling star. They came to steal his mind. Before anyone gave it a name, even before I knew what it was, I knew it was in our house.
Not that I wanted to, believe me. They were very very dark things and there was no way to get rid of them. Sometimes I could hear them late at night when the house was very quiet. A creaking sound, an inexplicable hiss, a miniscule pop, a whistle out of nowhere. And when I closed my eyes, I felt their shadows passing over me as they floated through the house and drifted invisibly with the smoke of the fireplace chimney out into space back to God knows where.
It was too frightening. Dov was only a baby and something was trying to steal him away. Sooner or later I knew I would catch them swirling above his crib. I knew that was what they did whenever I accidentally fell asleep. A violent thudding jolted my senses awake. My heart was banging like two fists in my chest. How long had I been sleeping? My eyes darted over to the crib I was supposed to be watching. He was still there.
I could see him through the white wooden bars, asleep, his small body gently rising and falling with each little breath. Night after night I sat beside his crib. I knew he was slipping away from us, away from our world, and there was nothing I could do to stop it from happening. There was nothing anybody could do, they told me. So I did the only thing I could. I guarded him, although I knew it would do no good. Because I could not guard his mind.
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And then one day it had happened. He was gone. For scholarly discussion of changeling myths as a response to disability, see D. The individual case was made to fit the superstition, and thus we possess no standardized data respecting the appearance of a changeling. Specific examples of changelings, solitary fairies—both domesticated and reclusive—and the offspring of fairy-human matings will be presented which seem to offer identifiable portraits of children who were born, or who became, different as the result of identifiable congenital disorders which today are known to medical science.
It is certainly of a disabled person:. Martin Luther, saw and touched a changeling. She readily and publicly acknowledged that she was not among the best of Rogue Squadron's pilots. During this time , Dlarit developed a romantic interest in Horn, and acted in an openly flirtatious manner with him. During a training run on Folor , Antilles secretly provided Horn's targeting data to the other Rogues, allowing them to get higher scores at Horn's expense.
Afterward, when the Rogue pilots felt badly about the lesson, Dlarit volunteered to personally invite Horn to the DownTime tapcafe , where he bought her a drink. For his part, Horn was attracted to her physical beauty and acknowledged some romantic interest in her, but immediately sensed their differing backgrounds made them unlikely partners for each other. Dlarit and the rest of the squadron saw their first action at a battle at the planet Hensara. The battle was a Rogue Squadron victory with no casualties among their ranks, and Dlarit scored at least two individual kills.
One night, however, a platoon of Imperial stormtroopers was dispatched by Admiral Devlia to attack the base, based on information provided by Imperial Intelligence agent Kirtan Loor , who deduced it himself by reviewing raw intelligence data. Dlarit escaped the attack unscathed, but Lujayne Forge was killed in her sleep , while Horn and fellow Rogue Squadron pilots Gavin Darklighter and Andoorni Hui suffered serious injuries during the assault. Dlarit attended Forge's funeral , and the loss of Forge severely damaged the squadron's morale.
Dlarit participated in a retaliatory strike against Devlia and his forces at the Grand Isle , his base on the planet Vladet. Once the bombing was complete, however, the Imperial Carrack -class cruiser Expeditious and Lancer -class frigate Ravager dropped out of hyperspace , leaving the New Republic starfighters and their CR90 Corellian Corvette Eridain outgunned.
The New Republic forces were saved by a plan put forth by Horn, who had the Y-wing squad Warden Squadron target his own X-wing with their proton torpedoes , before flying directly toward the Ravager and diving under it at the last minute , causing thirty-two torpedoes to strike and destroy the ship. Despite the success of the mission, Salm ordered Horn confined to his quarters after the battle in anticipation of a court-martial for failure to follow orders and for taking command of Warden Squadron without proper authorization. Dlarit visited Horn in his quarters and made a sexual advance toward him, claiming that she had believed that she was going to be killed during the battle and that she had felt closer to Horn after he had saved their lives.
Although attracted to Dlarit, Horn felt conflicted due to his developing romantic feelings toward the smuggler Mirax Terrik. While he did not explicitly rule out a romantic relationship with Dlarit at a later date, Horn rebuffed her advances, claiming that he did not want to get involved with someone in the squadron. Dlarit encountered Terrik while leaving Horn's quarters. In direct contrast to her warm and friendly nature toward Horn, Dlarit was cold and rude to Terrik, trying to discourage her from visiting Horn by claiming that he could not see civilian visitors.
Terrik was equally cold toward Dlarit, whom she began to disparagingly refer to as the "bacta queen. Rogue Squadron was later transferred to Noquivzor , which was to serve as a launching point for an attack against the Imperial-controlled Borleias. Since Borleias was the fourth planet in the Pyria system , the New Republic Provisional Council determined its close proximity to the Galactic Core made it an ideal location from which to launch attacks against the capital world of Coruscant.
However, due to recent security leaks to Ysanne Isard, who had accelerated her counterintelligence efforts against the New Republic in recent months , the identity of the planet and other basic information about the mission parameters were kept confidential from the military forces.
Even Antilles and Salm were kept in the dark about the details—Borleias itself was identified during the mission only by the codename Blackmoon. These security measures successfully prevented Dlarit from providing Imperial Intelligence any critical information about the assault.
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Dlarit did not fall under suspicion for the recent intelligence leaks because the suspicion fell on Rogue Squadron's Executive officer , Tycho Celchu , whom many believed to be a spy due to his recent escape from the Imperial prison Lusankya. The first attempt to capture Borleias proved to be a disastrous failure for the New Republic due to poor planning by the Bothan General Laryn Kre'fey and secret defense measures installed by the Borleias commander, the Imperial General Evir Derricote. The other New Republic pilots feared the punishing nature of the battle would not allow a rescue for Dlarit and the other ejected pilots, Nawara Ven and Ooryl Qrygg.
However, Celchu, who was monitoring the battle in the unarmed Lambda -class shuttle Forbidden due to being banned from combat as a security measure, flew into the combat zone to pick them up. Dlarit, Ven, and Qrygg recovered from their injuries after sessions in bacta tanks at Noquivzor. Dlarit recovered prior to the second attempt to take Borleias , but was unable to participate in the battle due to a shortage of functional X-wings.
Though she expressed sadness and regret with being unable to join the other Rogues in battle, she helped them prepare by participating in simulator exercises with them. Due to the continued security measures, Dlarit and most of her colleagues remained unaware of the name of the planet, let alone any further details. Before the battle began, she repeatedly tried to trick Horn into giving up information, at one point claiming she wanted to know where the planet was so she could establish a memorial for Horn and the others in case they died there.
However, she was unable to obtain any information, and Horn did not take notice of her attempts. Just before the battle began, Dlarit tried to persuade Terrik to stay away from Horn by promising to use her Xucphra connections to assist Terrik in smuggling if she complied and threatening to use those same connections to end Terrik's career if she did not. Terrik considered the offer, but ultimately rejected it. Later, Rogue Squadron went on to successfully capture Borleias in the second assault. Afterward, Bror Jace received news that his great-uncle was dying, and Celchu arranged for him to be sent home to Thyferra on a "recruiting mission" so that he could spend time with his family.
Dlarit asked Jace about this, and he confided in her the circumstances of his return home as well as information about the route he was taking. Dlarit passed this information on to Isard with the hopes that Jace would be killed, something that would improve her standing as an Imperial spy and also serve as a blow to the Zaltin Corporation. Jace was presumed killed in the attack, but unbeknownst to Dlarit or the New Republic, he had not actually been aboard the X-wing.
The news of the death of Jace's great-uncle was actually a farce; Jace in fact intended to go underground to help plan a budding partnership between the Zaltin Corporation and the Vratix. To that end, he had meant to destroy the starfighter himself and fake his death. Jace had previously told Dlarit about his return home with the specific intention that the Xucphra watch for his return and receive news of his supposed death.
Dlarit's betrayal of Jace and the subsequent Black Asp attack only provided further cover for his plans, and the truth of his survival was not publicly known for several more months. Dlarit's betrayal of Jace, too, was initially unsuspected—instead, Celchu fell under further suspicion of being an Imperial spy since he had made the arrangements for Jace's return to Thyferra.
Along with the rest of Rogue Squadron, Dlarit participated in a battle at the planet Mrisst , a response to Warlord Zsinj 's scouting of the newly established New Republic base at Borleias. During the battle, the squadron engaged Zsinj's transport ship, Contruum's Pride , which led to a battle with the ship's TIE fighters and interceptors. Dlarit's X-wing was targeted by one of the interceptors and she had difficulty evading it, but was saved by assistance from Nunb.
The battle at Mrisst ended in a victory for the New Republic with no casualties. Afterward, Wedge Antilles pulled Horn and Dlarit aside and gave them instructions for a secret mission to Coruscant, which remained under Imperial control. The assignment was so secret that datafiles provided to Horn and Dlarit by Rogue Squadron's quartermaster droid M-3PO were infected with a self-extracting virus that would destroy the data once viewed, so they were forced to memorize the contents.
Horn and Dlarit were ordered to adopt disguises, rendezvous with existing allied forces on Coruscant, gather reliable data about the planet's defenses, and determine the locations of tactical targets. Dlarit correctly deduced that the job was too large for two people alone and attempted to learn more information for Isard by repeatedly pressing Antilles about whether the other Rogue Squadron pilots were being given their own assignments, with the ultimate goal of capturing Coruscant from the Empire.
But Antilles neither confirmed nor denied her suspicions, revealing only that Horn and Dlarit would be working as part of a cell system, through which no one was allowed to know about more than their portion of the network. These security measures, meant to protect the mission from security leaks, were so strong that even Antilles did not know about Horn and Dlarit's travel arrangements to Coruscant. Antilles asked both pilots for permission to transfer money for the financially expensive mission from their personal accounts, to be reimbursed to both later, and Dlarit surprised both men by volunteering 10 million from her personal fortune.
Dlarit was assigned the disguise identity of Ris Darsk , an arrogant and wealthy Kuati traveling to the Imperial Center to conceive a child with her telbun , a Human servant and impregnator considered the property of their Kuati masters. Horn was to pose as the telbun, Darsk Ristel ; the disguise required Dlarit to treat Horn with great disrespect, and at times ignore him altogether.
In private, Dlarit was apologetic for having to treat Horn this way, but Horn felt that at some level, Dlarit did genuinely feel socially superior and entitled to her preferential treatment due to her wealthy Thyferran upbringing. The sexual tension between Horn and Dlarit further developed as they spent more time together, but Horn continued to resist her advances because he did not want to let his guard down and endanger the mission.
Once their training was complete, Horn and Dlarit traveled to Coruscant on the starliner Jewel of Churba , where Horn was listed as baggage and Dlarit berated him mercilessly as per their disguise. Erisi Dlarit and Corran Horn were assigned to gather reconnaissance information on Coruscant in advance of a New Republic strike there. Upon arriving at Coruscant, they were picked up in a shuttle by their contact, Winter , who went by the alias Rima Borealis for the mission. Winter provided Horn and Dlarit with new identification cards and set them up in rooms at the luxurious Hotel Imperial.
Dlarit once again tried to discern information about what role the other Rogue pilots were playing in the mission, but Winter did not reveal anything. Horn and Dlarit began their reconnaissance mission, all the while maintaining their roles as Kuati and telbun. Per his role, Horn acted in a submissive fashion while in public with Dlarit, trailing her respectfully, paying for things she bought, and carrying her belongings. During their first few nights on Coruscant, Winter had Horn and Dlarit monitored by a team to ensure that no Imperials were taking an interest in them.
They spent the next week studying the basic security and peacekeeping forces on Coruscant, as well as the medical services and facilities. Dlarit and Horn eventually made their way into the Grand Corridor , the centerpiece of the Imperial Palace , where Horn confided in Dlarit and Winter about the murder of his father, Valin Horn. The story further endeared Dlarit to Horn. When Horn spotted Kirtan Loor, an Imperial Intelligence agent with whom he had a long history of rivalry, Horn kissed Dlarit to conceal his face until Loor was gone. The incident did nothing to dampen the sexual tension between them, and Dlarit later tried to seduce him at their Hotel Imperial room; however, he continued to resist.
Although frustrated to be rebuked yet again, Dlarit said she would respect Horn's decision, and claimed to be impressed with his self-control and logic. Shortly thereafter, Horn stumbled across a stormtrooper raid against the anti-Human Alien Combine , where most of the other Rogue Squadron pilots were present. Dlarit was not with them, but Horn helped the Rogues escape the raid.
Afterward, Horn and Dlarit were quarantined from each other for several days as a security precaution to ensure no information was relayed to Imperial Intelligence from any possible leaks. The Rogues were assigned to take down Coruscant's planetary shields in preparation for an invasion. The squadron was assigned to infiltrate an Imperial warehouse to obtain memory cores , which were to be used to gain access to Coruscant's central computer system.
However, the warehouse mission was compromised due to information relayed to Kirtan Loor by the Imperial spy Zekka Thyne , a criminal who had been recruited to help Rogue Squadron on their Coruscant mission. As a result of the betrayal, the Rogues at the warehouse were attacked by stormtroopers.
Dlarit and Ynr provided cover with blaster rifles , which allowing the Rogues to escape in a transport driven by M-3PO. Afterward, Rogue Squadron developed a plan to bring down Coruscant's shields by redirecting an Orbital Solar Energy Transfer Satellite to boil off one of Coruscant's reservoirs. Horn suggested taking control of a construction droid and sending it crashing toward Imperial Center, which would result in its evacuation and allow the New Republic to take control of the center unopposed.
Dlarit was one of five pilots assigned to provide air cover in Z Headhunters , with Horn taking the lead among them. Before the mission began, Horn confronted Celchu, whom Horn was convinced was the Imperial spy in their midst. Concerned that this would result in her eventual exposure, Dlarit arranged to help Horn check over his Z Headhunter before the flight, obtaining the fighter's codes. Wedge Antilles did not allow outside contact prior to the engagement, so she was unable to warn Isard about the plan to take down Coruscant's shields. However, she was able to transfer Horn's starfighter codes to Isard during the battle so that Isard could take control of the ship during combat and subsequently capture or kill Horn.
During the battle , Dlarit and her four fellow pilots engaged and successfully fought off several waves of TIE fighters and interceptors, providing cover for Coruscant's shields to be brought down. The mission was a success for Rogue Squadron, but Isard's agents used the overrides to take control of Horn's fighter and capture it, making it appear as though Horn had been killed.
While the Rogues believed Horn dead, he was placed in the Lusankya prison—a facility aboard Isard's flagship , an Executor -class Star Dreadnought also called Lusankya , that was buried underneath the surface of Coruscant. Shortly thereafter, however, Isard released the Krytos virus , a devastating bioweapon that she had specifically engineered to infect only alien species.
The virus was designed to be treatable by bacta, and Isard hoped that the New Republic would spend so many resources treating cases of the illness that they would eventually go bankrupt. Rogue Squadron was assigned to help with the governmental transition on Coruscant and to combat the Krytos virus. The urgent need for bacta allowed the Xucphra Corporation to thrive, further increasing the wealth of Dlarit's family. Dlarit claimed to be communicating urgently with her family about the need for more emergency bacta in greater quantities and reduced prices.
Later, she participated in Rogue Squadron's successful attempt at the planet Yag'Dhul to a recapture a large Zaltin bacta supply that had been seized by Warlord Zsinj. The New Republic was notified about the stolen bacta by Qlaern Hirf , an Ashern Vratix who was aboard the convoy at the time of the theft. The two pilots successfully drove the TIEs away from the station and the rest of the New Republic fleet , and Dlarit destroyed at least one of the fighters with a proton torpedo. After the battle, Dlarit spent more than an hour questioning Antilles about the identity and location of the Ashern rebel, insisting that he could not be trusted and that he would jeopardize the safety of the squadron.
Although actually trying to secure information for Isard, Antilles mistook her concern for guilt over her failure to save Horn's life during the liberation of Coruscant. Antilles insisted that he had no information about the Vratix, but promised to pass her concerns along to General Airen Cracken , head of the New Republic Intelligence Service.
Later, Qlaern Hirf approached Antilles and offered to develop the medication rylca to combat the Krytos virus, with the hopes that Antilles would help the Vratix join the New Republic in exchange. Antilles specifically decided to keep Hirf's presence secret from Dlarit due to her concerns about the Ashern. As a result, Dlarit was unable to obtain any information for Isard about the rylca production efforts. During this time, Tycho Celchu, the prime suspect for the apparent murder of Corran Horn, was placed on trial for treason against the New Republic and for Horn's death.
During the trial, prosecutor Halla Ettyk called Dlarit forward as a witness. Under questioning from Ettyk, Dlarit described the suspicion with which Horn had viewed Celchu during their time on Coruscant, as well as the fact that he had publicly confronted Celchu just before the mission wherein Horn was eventually killed. Her testimony was damaging for Celchu and provided herself further cover, since he was on trial for some of the security leaks for which she was in fact responsible.
When the court recessed, the Rogues were assigned a mission to Ryloth to purchase a large quantity of ryll kor , a rare grade of the spice ryll to be used for production of rylca. However, they ultimately decided pulling her from the mission would anger Thyferra and Xucphra, whose bacta the New Republic desperately needed. Rogue Squadron was assigned to protect a large bacta convoy from the Xucphra cartel through the Graveyard of Alderaan to the New Republic. Antilles did not believe the high-profile squadron was ideal for the secret mission because they were bound to be watched, but Provisional Councilor Borsk Fey'lya and others felt that having Dlarit participate in the convoy escort would send a positive message to the Thyferrans.
Dlarit betrayed the location of the bacta convoy to Isard, in part because the destruction of the convoy would lower the New Republic morale on Coruscant and allow Xucphra to drive their prices up even higher. Additionally, Mirax Terrik and her ship, the Pulsar Skate , were expected to be among the convoy, and Dlarit sought to kill her over their past rivalry regarding Corran Horn. Isard leaked information about the convoy to Warlord Zsinj, whose forces attacked and destroyed the convoy, although Terrik was in fact not present and thus escaped death. Ven returned the favor soon after by destroying a TIE that was on Dlarit's tail.
Later, when it was learned that the Coruscant-based Palpatine Counter-Insurgency Front terrorist group planned to destroy a bacta storage facility in the planet's Alien Protection Zone , Rogue Squadron was assigned to thwart the attack. Dlarit expressed concern during the mission briefing about the potential for high civilian casualties on the crowded planet.
The bombs were eventually destroyed. Around this time, Isard learned that Horn had escaped the Lusankya prison, and Isard knew that Horn's escape would lead to its eventual discovery by the New Republic. As a result, while Rogue Squadron was still in battle, Isard escaped Coruscant by ascending the Lusankya up from underneath Imperial City and propelling it into orbit with the help of a massive repulsorlift platform. Dlarit saw the escaping ship and realized that her own Imperial spy status would likely be compromised soon, so she decided to escape along with Isard.
Dlarit pursued a TIE Interceptor heading toward the Lusankya , ignoring Antilles' orders to break away and avoid getting close to the massive ship. Dlarit destroyed the interceptor, then claimed she was caught in the Lusankya ' s tractor beam and called for help, feigning fear in her voice. Several of Rogue Squadron's pilots, including Gavin Darklighter, wanted to assist her despite being heavily outgunned. Antilles, however, recognized that the effort would be fruitless and ordered the squadron to stand down as Dlarit's X-wing was taken aboard the Lusankya.
In reality, Dlarit had not been captured by a tractor beam, but had simply docked willingly with the Lusankya and lied to Rogue Squadron so that she would not compromise her identity as a spy. The ruse, however, was short-lived. Because of Horn's supposed death, Antilles had added a subroutine to all of the Rogue pilots' astromech droids , so he was able to pull diagnostic data from Dlarit's R5 unit. Because the astromech did not report the damage that Dlarit claimed her X-wing had sustained, Antilles realized that she had not actually been captured by a tractor beam against her will.
From this, he deduced that she was a spy working with Isard. Additionally, while aboard the Lusankya , Horn had learned that Tycho Celchu was not the spy; since Dlarit was the only other person who knew his Z Headhunter's codes, Horn realized that she was the one who had sold him out to Isard. Horn and Antilles also reasoned that Dlarit was in a position, and had a motive, to betray Bror Jace.
These revelations ultimately led to Celchu's vindication at his trial. Aside from Horn's capture, Dlarit was responsible only for the destruction of the bacta convoy at the Graveyard and the supposed death of Jace, whom the New Republic soon learned had not actually died. After leaving Coruscant, Isard and Dlarit returned to Thyferra, where Isard's forces supported a revolution that placed the Xucphra Corporation in charge of the entire bacta cartel.
This gave the already wealthy and powerful Dlarit family unprecedented power, as they now controlled the full monopoly that they had previously shared with Zaltin. With the New Republic still in desperate need of bacta and rylca to combat the Krytos virus, Isard believed that taking control of Thyferra and its medical production would ensure that the Krytos virus would continue to ravage Coruscant and destroy the New Republic. However, the New Republic refused to engage this new threat because it was considered to be a internal Thyferran matter, so Wedge Antilles and his Rogue Squadron pilots resigned from the New Republic to launch a private war against Isard, thus starting what became known as the Bacta War.
The Rogues, especially Corran Horn, took Dlarit's betrayal personally and were particularly hateful toward her. Privately, however, Antilles felt a small degree of admiration mixed with his anger for Dlarit, based on how well she had hidden her role as an Imperial spy through very difficult situations. Isard established the Thyferran Home Defense Corps , a defense organization of Xucphra volunteers established to work in conjunction with the ground-based stormtroopers to defend the planet.
Isard placed Dlarit in command of the Defense Corps' fighter wing; she made this decision not only because of Dlarit's piloting skills and her knowledge of Rogue Squadron, but also for its strong symbolic value, since by now Dlarit was considered to be a hero by many on Thyferra. Isard's Thyferran forces comprised the Lusankya and the Star Destroyers Avarice , Virulence , and Corrupter , and as such Dlarit had access to a tremendous amount of equipment and resources. Dlarit was tasked with training Isard's starfighter forces, but she grew frustrated with their lack of commitment and discipline compared to Rogue Squadron.
She also disagreed with several of Isard's decisions, which led to open and public arguments between the two. From the beginning of the Bacta War, Dlarit lobbied for her squadrons to be equipped with X-wing fighters, which she insisted were superior fighters to the TIE Interceptors—but Isard, unwilling to concede that anything associated with the New Republic was superior to her resources, refused Dlarit's requests. Dlarit also sensed that the Imperial forces working with the Thyferran Home Defense Corps looked down on her and her colleagues as incompetent, idiotic, and inferior compared to the true Empire.
This image was further perpetuated when Ashern commandos , working with Antilles' forces, conducted a raid on the Dlarit estate on Thyferra, stripping Aerin Dlarit naked and distributing hologram images of the humiliation with the hopes of undermining the Xucphra Corporation's regime on the planet. The raid proved to be a major source of embarrassment both for the Defense Corps and Erisi Dlarit personally. To make matters worse for Dlarit, her Imperial colleagues made no effort to hide the news from her, nor conceal their contempt about the Corps personnel from her. This fueled Dlarit's desire to seek retribution against her enemies.
Despite the disrespect afforded to her by her Imperial colleagues, Dlarit's knowledge of Rogue Squadron proved to be one of her strong assets. Based on her past with them, she correctly suspected that the Rogues had established their base on the Yag-prime space station.